Nutcracker Ballet is based on the book called "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King" written by E.T.A. Hoffman.
In 1891, the
legendary choreographer Marius Petipa commissioned Tchaikovsky to write the music for the Nutcracker Ballet.
In 1892, the
first showing of the Nutcracker took place at the Mariinsky Theatre of Russia, home of the Kirov Ballet.
The Nutcracker made its way to Western Europe in the 1930's and to America by 1940, performed by Ballet Russe. The first American full length
Nutcracker was performed by the San Francisco Ballet, choreographed by W. Christensen. The Nutcracker has
since become an annual Holiday tradition.